DKA, acidosis in diabetic patients Should not overlook

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DKA, acidosis in diabetic patients Should not overlook.

DKA (Diabetic Ketoacidosis) or high blood sugar combined with acidic blood. It is an emergency condition found in diabetic patients. 

It occurs when blood sugar levels are high. As a result, the body creates ketones. which is a very acidic substance released into ufabet the bloodstream Makes the blood acidic and may be life-threatening.

Acidosis is a serious complication of diabetes. that requires urgent treatment Therefore, patients and caregivers should understand this condition. To prepare and find appropriate prevention methods.

Causes of acidosis

When the body lacks insulin, it causes cells to The body cannot use blood sugar for energy. The body then releases hormones that help burn fat to replace sugar. In this energy metabolism, ketone acids are created. And if ketones are continually created, they can cause a buildup in the blood. Chemicals in the blood are therefore out of balance and affect the functioning of the body.

Acidosis This can happen for the following reasons.

  • Patients with type 1 diabetes are at high risk of developing acidosis. This is because the body cannot produce insulin. In some cases, it can occur in people with type 2 diabetes as well, but it may be less common. However, it may be found that the blood is acidic. It is the first sign of diabetes in some patients.
  • Infection or illness, such as the flu, pneumonia, or urinary tract infection Generally, the body produces more hormones such as adrenaline or cortisol. These hormones may trigger acidosis in the blood.
  • Insulin deficiency in patients Lack of treatment or inadequate insulin therapy can also trigger acidosis.

People with risk factors for acidosis

  • Persons under 19 years of age
  • People who have had ischemic heart disease or stroke.
  • People who are sick 
  • Women who are menstruating or pregnant
  • People with a history of physical or mental injury
  • People with a history of surgery
  • Drinking alcohol, smoking, or using drugs especially cocaine
  • Use of certain medications, such as steroids and certain diuretics


  • Hypoglycemia (Hypoglycemia) Insulin treatment causes cells to receive sugar to use as energy. Makes blood sugar levels decrease If blood sugar drops rapidly, it can be harmful to the body.
  • hypokalemia (Hypokalemia) Insulin Replacement Fluid Therapy May cause potassium levels to become low. This results in abnormal functioning of the heart, muscles, and nerves.
  • Cerebral Edema: Rapid changes in blood sugar levels can cause brain swelling. It is a common complication in children. Especially for patients who have just been diagnosed with diabetes.

How to take care of yourself Don’t let the blood become acidic.

  • Control blood sugar levels Always at a normal level If you can’t control it You should consult your doctor as soon as possible.
  • Always observe the tone values ​​regularly. Or check when blood sugar levels are higher than 240 mg/dL.
  • If ketone values ​​are found or high blood sugar levels Avoid exercising.
  • Diabetic patients who need to inject insulin You should strictly follow the doctor’s orders.
  • You should not abstain from eating. But you should choose to eat food that is healthy and nutritious.
  • If you notice any unusual signs such as excessive urination, vomiting, or feeling disoriented, consult a doctor immediately.