Check out 9 symptoms. Are you risk diabetes?

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Check out 9 symptoms. Are you at risk of having diabetes?

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a condition. Which the body has higher blood sugar than normal. Due to insulin deficiency or insulin resistance. As a result, ยูฟ่าเบท the absorption of blood sugar into energy by cells in the body is abnormal.

At present, the number of diabetic patients in Thailand tends to increase continuously. It is estimated that new patients may increase by approximately 300,000 people per year and there will be an increasing number of people aged 15 years and over who begin to suffer.

Diabetes, if left untreated for a long time, will cause various organs to deteriorate, so you should get screened if you are at risk. To reduce other complications that could happen

Diabetes is divided into 4 types: 

  • Type 1 is caused by a lack of the hormone insulin in the body. Most cases found in children require treatment with insulin.
  • Type 2 is the most common. Caused by the body’s insulin resistance. Mostly found in adults and the elderly. There is often a family history. In the early stages, you can take medicine to reduce blood sugar levels. But if it’s been a long time Some people need to use insulin.
  • gestational Diagnosed during pregnancy And this condition usually disappears after birth.
  • Diabetes with a specific cause, such as chronic pancreatitis Diseases in which certain types of endocrine disorders occur or taking medicine that contains steroids

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes 

  • Age 35 years and over
  • Are obese and have a parent or sibling with diabetes.
  • Have high blood pressure 
  • Abnormal blood fat levels (Triglyceride level more than 250 mg/dL or have an SDL cholesterol level < 35 mg/dL)
  • Have a history of gestational diabetes
  • Have you ever had an abnormal blood sugar level detected, such as a fasting sugar level of 100-125 mg/dL? or cumulative sugar level 5.7-6.4 %
  • have cardiovascular disease

The first symptoms of diabetes

  • unusually frequent urination
  • have a headache
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Tired, no energy
  • Dry throat, frequent thirst
  • Numbness in the tips of fingers and toes
  • Often hungry, eating more than before
  • dizziness
  • Have blurred vision 

Complications caused by diabetes 

  • Complications from large blood vessels Narrowing of the blood vessels occurs. It easily causes blockage.
  • Ischemic heart disease and acute myocardial infarction
  • Paresis and paralysis from a stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Leg pain for a long time from narrowed blood vessels in the legs or wounds from lack of blood
  • Complications from capillaries
  • Eye complications such as blurred vision, diabetic retinopathy
  • Kidney complications cause kidney failure, kidney failure
  • The first symptom of a neurological disorder is numbness in the feet and hands.

Taking care of yourself

  • Control blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.
  • Control your diet by changing your eating habits and exercising.
  • See the doctor as scheduled To examine the body and evaluate diabetes symptoms. and find ways to modify the treatment to appropriate for the patient.

prevention of diabetes

The important thing is to prevent all types. Keep an eye on your blood sugar and cholesterol levels to keep them within normal limits. Emphasis on eating nutritious, nutrient-dense foods that are high in fiber. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking. You should also exercise regularly.